A textile toilet? That is what Rajasthan is looking at now. The state government is now working on setting up reinforced concrete modular toilets in all its seven divisional headquarters.
This model toilet which costs Rs 12,000 has been designed by the Ahmedabad Textile Industry’s Research Association (ATIRA) and the state government’s rural and panchayati raj government has placed an order with ATIRA to set up this model toilet.
The first such toilet would be set up on Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday on October 2 at Bikaner, informed K K Mishra, the Chief Executive Officer of ATIRA.
These model textile toilet would be equipped at all the Zila Parishad offices in the divisional headquarters at Jaipur, Udaipur, Bharatpur, Bikaner, Kota, Ajmer and Jodhpur.
He said the textile reinforced concrete is a composite material consisting of rich cement enriched with chemicals, uniformly with one or more layers of textiles. Its casting is easy and it needs little machinery and manpower. The cement absorbs the compressive load and the textile reinforcement absorbs the tensile and shear stresses. It differs from conventional reinforced concrete or pre–stressed concrete primarily on the basis of nature, placing and load sharing of reinforcement. It has low self-weight, non-corrosive reinforcement and formwork is avoided in these kind of toilets. These toilets can be fabricated in just four hours and these economically priced toilets can be used for a long period without any maintenance.
Mishra informed about the model toilet while speaking at the technical textile seminar at the Vastra 2015 being held at at Sitapura’s Jaipur Exhibition and Convention Centre on Tuesday. Mishra said various components of toilets can be supplied in modular form which can be retrofitted at site by individuals themselves hence the installation time is reduced to just four hours for concrete based toilets. AITRA being a premier research and development organization in textile related matter also being centre of excellence for Composites has taken the initiative to develop low cost light weight textile reinforced concrete based toilets.
AITRA will also set up a technology demonstration-cum-application and service centre for cleaner technologies in Pali. This centre for cleaner technology will be set up in the complex where a common effluent treatment plant (CETP) is being set up at a cost of Rs 45 crore.
The service centre will provide technical support to the problems of complying discharge norm of Pollution Control Board. The service centre will give demonstration to the entrepreneurs in saving in dyeing cost, increase in productivity, reduction in waste-water volume and polluted load and use of high exhaustion dues.